|Genealogy scheme of Kazakh khans, on top portrayed Chinggis khaan|
While the Chinese keep pressing the idea that Chinggis Khaan and other Mongol kings were "Chinese" Mongol Khans because Mongolia was part of China always, now they have a very active rival, the Kazakhs. By the Chinese claim the modern Mongolia is considered as a "lost" territory of China and many still thinks they should get it back. More you can read HERE
Now, the Kazakhs are competing fiercely with the Chinese in this "claim contest". And they doing it with full speed. By the amount of the work different kinds (movies, propaganda , books, policy) and the time spent so far, they achieved in a short time very successful results at home and made believe every Kazakh citizen that Chinggis Khaan was indeed a Kazakh. Probably now they are thinking about going "globally" with their fabrication, like the Chinese do, and want to make the whole world believe in their "theory."
In comparison to the Chinese, the Kazakhs are indeed more "related" to the Mongols and this is proven by modern science which deals with genetics. In THIS post you can read about genetics and Mongolian genetic group. The so called Haplogroup C3 is the DNA of the Mongolian people. The Chinese belong to Haplogroup F but not C as we do. But with up to 60% of C3, the Kazakhs have the highest percentage of C3 among other Asian nations, thus making them "blood related" to the Mongols. But the question of how come they have such a high percentage of C3 is being not answered by Kazakhs scientists and historians properly as expected. Instead, they committed to write the history of Kazakh people anew, by having Chinggis Khaan as their national hero. As relatively new country , one could understand that history writing is a difficult and complex issue, but stealing and distorting other nation's history, in this case Mongolia's, and misrepresenting own history by making it up is unacceptable and shameful action on Kazakhstan's part. So there is not much to expect, let alone any truth, from Kazakhstan's "historians" and the government itself.
Russian President Putin had once jokingly called Nazarbayev (Kazakhstan's President) a man who is struggling to build a statehood on a territory where there has never been a state. The very first question would be "Where these Kazakh people came from?". There was no such tribe or even a domain with a name "Kazakh" back in 13th century when Mongol tribes were united under Chinggis Khaan forming the Mongol Empire. Chinggis Khaan's unification was not easy. The historical source about Mongols called "The Secret History of Mongolia" tells all about how he has became a Grand King fighting each one of the tribes to subdue. Among the many Mongol tribes, each one with own territory and suzerain, there were names like Naiman, Merged and Khereid. Some chiefs from these tribes which were subdued by Chinggis Khaan (then under his real name- Temuujin) were not happy and so they fled westwards with their people. They settled down in a foreign territory controlled by different khanats of Kipchaks and Cumans.
Kipchak and Cumans were nomadic turkic people of Euroasian steppe. They were also known as Polovtsy as Russians call them. Between them, Russians, Hungarians and Poles were lots of conflicts back in times until Mongols invaded those territories and ruled there for 260 years. The Mongolian khanate established there was called "Golden horde" ("Altan ordiin uls" in Mongolian) , a northwestern section of the Mongol Empire. Batu Khaan (Grandson of Chinggis Khaan) is the founder of Golden Horde. Chinggis Khaan divided his Empire amongst his 4 sons and his eldest son Zuchi (aka Jochi) got the westernmost lands which included modern-day southern Russia and Kazakhstan. Since Jochi died before his father (Chinggis Khaan) , these lands were given to Jochi's son -Batu Khaan.
At the end Golden Horde collapsed and many independent khanates were formed. The two biggest remnants were the Kazakh khanate and Crimean khanate. So the Kazakh khanate was located roughly on the territory of modern-day Kazakhstan. And the people are of Kipchak/Cuman and Mongol origin since Mongols were also part of the population as a result of the occupation and settlement of the Mongols earlier. Remember the migration of some Mongol tribes' people after they were defeated by Chinggis Khaan during the formation of Mongol Empire?
So that should explain how the Kazakhs got the DNA with 60% of C3 group. It was a mix of all ethnicity presented in those times, but Mongol "involvement" was probably dominant hence the high percentage of Mongol blood. In another words, those who were closer related to the Mongols or mixed with them might have stayed "home" while others with less Mongol blood but with more Caucasian moved away from what we call Kazakhstan today. Of course there are many people with less Mongol blood, namely the descendants of Kipchak and Cuman, and others, with different shapes and look. So 200 plus years of occupation must have left some traces in those regions and resulted in forming certain group of people like Kazakhs.
Now let's see what happens in Kazakhstan today, with all that propaganda I mentioned in the beginning.
1. Propaganda campaign is being carried out with such an effort to brainwash everyone, saying that Chinggis Khaan was a Kazakh and Kazakhs are descendants of Chinggis Khaan and his son Zuchi (Jochi). As we know, Zuchi was named as the suzerain of Golden Horde, and when Golden Horde ceased to exist, Kazakh khanate and other khanates emerged. Kazakhs left Mongol rule and declared independence. Here is the puzzling question: If the Kazakhs believed that Chinggis Khaan and Zuchi Khaan were their ancestors, why would they oppose their rule and seek independence? Shouldn't they be supportive and maybe helpful to expand the Empire instead of destroying it? Were all sons and grandsons of Chinggis Khaan not their (Kazakhs') "relatives" as they claim? If so why fight them?
The answer is simple: The ancestry of today's Kazakh people didn't think so. Even the Mongols ruled in those regions, including modern-day Kazakhstan, for a long term , with many personas of different background on top, locals have always opposed the occupiers as usual and consider them as invaders. But the modern-day Kazakhs needed an unique and impressive history to create a national pride and nationalism. For that reason they needed a well-known person and they chose Chinggis Khaan. The fact that the rulers were of Chinggis' descent and that there were many settlers from 3 particular tribes (Khereit, Naiman, Merged) joined the locals and mixed with the local population , does not justify their made-up claim. Note that these 3 tribes were Mongol tribes.
2. There are many Kazakh people (minority of Mongolia's population) living in western region of Mongolia. Their origin is Xinjiang Uighur , now China's autonomous region. They started coming over to Mongolia in 1920's in smaller numbers, crossing the border, but in 1930's their numbers increased so that the Mongolian government issued a special order to give them a land to settle down. A separate province for those new settlers was established in western Mongolia. After Kazakhstan as independent state was created after Soviet-union collapsed, many of them moved to Kazakhstan.
Now the Kazakhs in Kazakhstan urge those in Mongolia not to move to Kazakhstan but stay there because those lands belong to Kazakhs! They say, don't move away because our ancestors have lived there. Now they starting to claim Mongolia's territory as their own. This is a clear sign how much it got out of control! It is the same as Chinese claim our territory!
3. Mongolians are related to Chinese and Manchu people and, therefore they are the enemies of Kazakh people. Current Mongolia is the birthplace of Chinggis Khaan- the forefather of Kazakh people. So, anti-Mongol sentiment is being taught at younger ages.
The locals in Kazakhstan even attacked the new settlers- Kazakhs who moved in from Mongolia, shouting "Kill the Mongols!" (There is a video on YouTube)
Because those poor Kazakhs were from Mongolia, they were called "Mongols", despite the fact that they were "genuine" Kazakhs and came over to "join" their folks in Kazakhstan. So much is the hate.
Here is my final thoughts:
A fate is something one cannot change or predict. But the Kazakhs want to change what already happened to them. Or at least they want to twist it and give a "new" look. They want to impress the world, at any cost. They want to play big at the world stage and therefore they needed an impressive history to begin with.
But they should know that in doing so they put themselves in a silly situation. Others will make fun of them and laugh at them! So don't make it happen. Be smart.
The one thing Kazakhs "achieved" by making up this kind of nonsense is hatred between the two nations, namely between Mongols and Kazakhs. That is the outcome of what they doing.
It should be the contrary if you consider the fact that the Mongols and Kazakhs share the same DNA and are very close related. They should be friends if not brothers, at the least.
But unfortunately the Kazakhs want the opposite. Whether they know the consequences or not is not clear. Hopefully there are people who think it is wrong to fabricate the history , and speak up. I doubt it though since Kazakhs have a "King" now and, who would stand up against the King, right?